Henry Walter Bates (Leicester, 8 de fevereiro de 1825 — Londres, 16 de fevereiro de 1892) foi um entomólogo e naturalista inglês.
Famoso por sua viagem à Amazônia, junto com Alfred Russel Wallace, com o objetivo de recolher material zoológico e botânico para o Museu de História Natural de Londres.
|Bates, H.W. 1863. THE NATURALIST ON THE RIVER AMAZONS, A RECORD OF ADVENTURES, HABITS OF ANIMALS, SKETCHES OF BRAZILIAN AND INDIAN LIFE, AND ASPECTS OF NATURE UNDER THE EQUATOR, DURING ELEVEN YEARS OF TRAVEL. LONDON: JOHN MURRAY. 352 + 424 p.|
|BATES, Henry Walter.O naturalista do rio Amazonas. São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional, 1944. 1 ed. 2 v. (Brasiliana, 237). 2 Vlos. Série 5ª brasiliana vol 237 Tradução Candido de Mello Leitão. 376 + 398 Pags. 18, 5 cms.|
BATES, Henry Walter. Um naturalista do rio Amazonas. Belo Horizonte : Ed. Itatia. São Paulo: Ed. da Universidade de Sao Paulo. 1979. 2 ed. 2 v. (Reconquista do Brasil, v. 53). Tradução Regina Régis Junqueira
Revisão Critica de Charles Darwin
Conteúdo da Primeira Edição - Henry Battes
CONTENTS OF VOL. I
CHAPTER I . PARÁ Arrival— Aspect of the country— the Para Elver— Fu-st walk in the Suburbs of Para— Free Negroes— Birds, Lizards, and Insects of the Suburbs— Leaf-cutting Ant— Sketch of the climate, his- tory, and present condition of Para 1
PARÁ The Swampy forests of Para — A Portuguese landed proprietor — Country house at Nazareth— Life of a Naturalist under the equator
— The drier virgin forests — Magoary — Eetired creeks — Abo-rigines 44
PARÁ Religious holidays— Marmoset Monkeys — Serpents — Insects of the forest —Eelations of the fauna of the Para District . . .86
THE TOCANTINS AND CAMETA. Preparations for the journey — The bay of Goajara — Grove of fan leaved palms— The lower Tocantins— Sketch of the river— Vista alegi-e — Baiao — Eapids— Boat journey to the Guariba falls — Native life on the Tocantins— Second journey to Cameta . . 112
CARIPI AND THE BAY OF MARAJÓ. "River Para and Bay of Marajó— Journey to Caripi — Negro observance of Christmas — A German Family — Bats — Ant-eaters — Humming-birds — Excursion to the Murucupi — Domestic Life of the Inhabitants — Hunting Excursion with Indians — Natural History of the Paca and Cutia — Insects , . . . .168
THE LOWER AMAZONS-PARA TO OBYDOS.
Modes of travelling on the Amazons — Historical Sketch of the early explorations of the River — Preparations for Voyage— Life on board a large Trading- vessel — The narrow Channels joining the Para to the Amazons — First Sight of the great River — Gurupa — The Great Shoal — Flat-topped Mountains — Contraction of the River Yalley — Santarem — Obydos — Natural History of Obydos — Origin of Species by Segregation of Local Varieties . . .212
THE LOWER AMAZONS— OBYDOS TO MANAOS, OR THE BARRA OF THE RIO NEGRO. Departure from Obydos — River banks and by-channels— Cacao planters — Daily life on board our vessel — Great Storm— Sand- island and its birds — Hill of Pareutins — Negro trader and Manilas Indians — Villa Nova, its inhabitants, climate, forest, and animal productions — Cararaucu — A rustic festival — Lake of Cararaucu — Moti'ica flies — Serpa — Christmas holidays — River Madeira — A mameluco farmer — Mura Indians — Rio Negro — Description of Barra — Descent to Para — Yellow fever . . 266
CONTENTS OF VOL. II.CHAPTER I. SANTAKEM. Situation of Santarem — Manners and customs of the inhabitants — Trade — Climate — Leprosy — Historical sketch — Grassy campos and woods — Excursions to Mapiri, Mahica, and Irura, with sketches of their Natural History ; Palms, wild fruit-trees, Mining Wasps, Mason Wasps, Bees, Sloths, and Marmoset Monkeys — Natural History of Termites or White Ants . . 1CHAPTER II.VOYAGE UP THE TAPAJOS. Preparations for voyage — First day's sail — Mode of arranging money-matters and remittance of collections in the interior — Loss of boat — Altar do Chad — Excursion in forest — Valuable timber — Modes of obtaining fish — Difficulties with crew — Arrival at Aveyros — Excursions in the neighbourhood — White Cebus and habits and dispositions of Cebi Monkeys — Tame Parrot — Missionary settlement — Enter the Kiver Cupari — Adventure with Anaconda — Smoke-dried Monkey — Boa-constrictor — Village of Mundurucu Indians, and incursion of a wild tribe — Falls of the Cupari — Hyacinthine Macaw — Re-emerge into the broad Tapajos — Descent of river to Santarem . . . . .71
CHAPTER III.THE UPPER AMAZONS— VOYAGE TO EGA.Departure from Barra — First day and night on the Upper Amaazons — Desolate appearance of river in the flood season — Cucama Indians — Mental condition of Indians — Squalls — Manatee — Forest — Floating pumice-stones from the Andes — Falling banks — Ega and its inhabitants — Daily life of a Naturalist at Ega — Customs, trade, &c. — The four seasons of the Upper Amazons . 153CHAPTER IV.EXCURSIONS IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF EGA. The river Teffe — Rambles through groves on the beach — Excurion to the house of a Passe chieftain — Character and customs of the Passe* tribe — First excursion to the sand islands of the Solimoens — Habits of great river-turtle — Second excursion — Turtle-fishing in the inland pools — Third excursion — Hunting-rambles with, natives in the forest — Return to Ega . . 225CHAPTER V.ANIMALS OF THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF EGA.Scarlet-faced Monkeys — Parauacii Monkey — Owl-faced Night-apes — Marmosets — Jupurd, — Comparison of Monkeys of the New "World with those of the Old — Bats — Birds — Cuvier's Toucan — Curl-crested Toucan — Insects — Pendulous Cocoons — Foraging Ants— Blind Ants 305CHAPTER VI.EXCURSIONS BEYOND EGA. Steamboat travelling on the Amazons — Passengers — Tunantins — Caishana Indians — The Jutahi — Indian tribes on the Jutahi and the Junia — The Sapo — Maraud Indians — Fonte Boa — Journey to St. Paulo — Tucuna Indians — Illness— Descent to Para — Changes at Para — Departure for England 367